Puzzles are a realistic way of testing your lateral thinking in software engineer interviews. It shows the interviewer your real-world problem-solving and creative thinking skills. These puzzles are mostly popular among Tier-1 companies, which look for candidates with more than basic programming skills.
All the puzzles might not have a single solution. There may be multiple solutions, and the interviewer wants to see how you find the most efficient solution and how you think through the problem.
In this article, let’s discuss some popular puzzles asked in interviews. Here’s what we’ll cover:
- Common Puzzle Questions
- Coding Puzzle Questions
- Tips to Solve Puzzle Problems in Interviews
Top 20 Puzzle Questions Asked in Interviews
Most of the puzzles asked in interviews are meant to test how well you can think “different.” They usually don’t have one correct answer to refer to. You can solve it using your own logic.
So, looking at 100s of puzzles online and checking their answers won’t be enough. You need to THINK on your own and actually develop an approach to solving these puzzles.
We’ve covered 20 sample puzzles to get your prep started.
Common Puzzle Questions
Common puzzles are those types of puzzles where you might not require your programming skills. It’s based on your reasoning and logical skills.
Let’s look at some common puzzles asked in interviews.
1. Crossing the Bridge Puzzle
Four people need to cross a bridge. It’s nighttime and pretty dark. There’s only one flashlight; it’s dangerous to cross the bridge without one. The bridge can only support two people at a time. Each person will take a different amount of time to cross the bridge: 1 min, 2 mins, 7 mins, and 10 mins. What is the shortest possible time for all four people to cross the bridge?
2. The Man in the Elevator Puzzle
A man who lives on the tenth floor of a building takes the elevator every day to go down to the ground floor to go to work or to go shopping. When he returns in the evening, he takes the elevator to the seventh floor and walks up the stairs to the tenth floor to reach his apartment. Why does he do this? Note that if it’s a rainy day, or if there are other people in the elevator, he goes to his floor directly. Also, he hates walking.
3. Heaven or Hell Puzzle
You have two doors in front of you. One door leads to heaven, and the other to hell. There are two guards, one by each door. One guard always tells the truth, and the other always lies, but you don’t know who is who. You can only ask one question to one guard to find the door to heaven. What question would you ask?
4. Three Mislabeled Jars
You have three mislabeled jars. The first jar contains apples, the second contains oranges, and the third contains a mix of apples and oranges. You need to label the jars. You can pick as many fruits as you want from each jar. What is the least number of fruits you have to pick from each jar to label them correctly?
5. Gold Bar Cut Puzzle
You have hired someone to work for you for seven days, and you have a gold bar to pay him. You must give him a piece of gold every day. What is the least number of cuts you can make to the gold bar such that you can pay them 1/7th of it each day?
6. Man Fell in Well Puzzle
A man fell in a well. The well is 30 meters deep. In a day, he can climb 4 meters, but he slips down 3 meters. How many days would he take to come out of the well?
7. Bag of Coins Puzzle
You have 10 bags full of infinite coins. But one bag is full of fake coins, and you can’t remember which one. You know that a genuine coin weighs 1 gram, and a fake coin weighs 1.1 grams. How do you identify the bag containing forged coins in minimum readings?
8. Horses on a Race Track Puzzle
There are 25 horses and five race tracks. Find the fastest three horses among the 25 in the least number of races.
9. Batteries Puzzle
There are eight batteries, but only four of them work. You have to use them for a flashlight, which needs two working batteries. What is the minimum number of battery pairs you need to test to ensure that the flashlight is turned on?
10. Birthday Cake Puzzle
A birthday cake has to be cut into eight equal pieces in exactly three cuts. Find a way to make this cut possible.
11. Clock Angle Puzzle
If the time is 3:15 when you look at a clock, what’s the angle between the hour hand and the minute hand?
12. Tomato Soup Puzzle
You have a glass of tomato soup. You have one other empty glass of a different size and shape. You have to give the soup to two children. How would you divide the soup into two glasses so that both of them are satisfied that they have got an equal share of soup?
Coding Puzzle Questions
Coding Puzzles are those types of puzzles where you require a programming language to solve. Let’s look at some Coding Puzzles asked in interviews.
1. Addition Puzzle
Add two numbers without using the addition operator.
2. Determine the If Condition Puzzle
What should be the if condition in the following code snippet to print ‘Hello World’?
3. Swap 2 Numbers Puzzle
Swap 2 numbers without using a third variable.
4. Print Numbers From 1 to N Puzzle
Print numbers from 1 to N without using any looping construct.
5. Print Semicolon Puzzle
Print a semicolon without using a semicolon in the program
6. Equal Integers Puzzle
Determine if 2 integers are equal without using comparison and arithmetic operators.
7. Minimum Number Puzzle
Given 2 numbers. Find the minimum number without using conditional statements or ternary operators.
8. Spotting a Truck Puzzle
The probability of spotting a truck on a highway in an hour is 0.999. What is the probability of spotting a track on that highway in 20 minutes?
3 Key Tips to Solve Puzzle Problems in Interviews
Yes, these puzzles are tricky. Following are 3 key tips that will ensure that you will not stumble during the interview:
1. Clarify Everything Before you Start
Don’t jump into the solution, and do not make any assumptions. If any information seems missing, ask and clarify.
2. Explain Your Process
While solving the puzzle, explain your thought process to the interviewer. It allows your interviewer to see how you plan, think, reason, and solve complex problems under pressure. Always remember — these puzzles are more about showcasing your analytical skills than finding the right solution.
3. Provide a Solution to the Puzzle — One or More!
Use your reasoning and logical skills to deduce a solution to the puzzle, even if it’s not the correct solution. You can also discuss alternate methods. It’s more about your reasoning and deducing the solution, than finding the right solution.
FAQs on Puzzles for Software Engineers
Q. Do we get asked only programming puzzles in interviews?
A. No. Interviewers test your ability to answer programming as well as common puzzles, which don't require programming skills.
Q. How to prepare for puzzle questions for an interview?
A. Practice multiple puzzles online, and try to solve them on your own without looking for answers. Interviewers will test your thinking abilities and insist more than getting the correct answer.
Preparing for a Tech Interview?
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