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Top Java Microservices Interview Questions and Answers for Your Tech Interview

by Interview Kickstart Team in Interview Questions
November 1, 2023
Preparing for a Software Engineering interview? Here's how you can nail it
You can download a PDF version of  
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Top Java Microservices Interview Questions and Answers for Your Tech Interview

About The Author!
Vartika Rai
Vartika Rai
Product Manager at Interview Kickstart. With exceptional experience with tech giants like Microsoft, she is a curious lady for the vast scope of NLP, Big data analytics, ML and data science.

Microservices are a key concept discussed in technical interviews for software engineers. Java Microservices interview questions are typically asked of experienced software engineers during coding and design interviews. In this article, we'll look at frequently asked Java Microservices interview questions for fresher and experienced developers to help you ace your tech interview.

If you’re a software engineer, coding engineer, software developer, engineering manager, or tech lead preparing for tech interviews, check out our technical interview checklist, interview questions page, and salary negotiation e-book to get interview-ready!

Having trained over 9,000 software engineers, we know what it takes to crack the most challenging tech interviews. Since 2014, Interview Kickstart alums have landed lucrative offers from FAANG and Tier-1 tech companies, with an average salary hike of 49%. The highest-ever offer received by an IK alum is a whopping $933,000!

At IK, you get the unique opportunity to learn from expert instructors who are hiring managers and tech leads at Google, Facebook, Apple, and other top Silicon Valley tech companies.  Our reviews will tell you how we’ve shaped the careers of thousands of professionals aspiring to take their careers to new heights.

Want to nail your next tech interview? Sign up for our FREE Webinar.

Let’s look at some popular Java Microservices interview questions that frequently feature in technical interviews.

Here’s what we’ll cover:

  • Top Java Microservices Interview Questions and Answers
  • Java Microservices Interview Questions on Core Concepts
  • Security-based Java Microservices Interview Questions
  • Java Microservices Interview Questions on Inter-service Communication
  • FAQs on Java Microservices Interview Questions

Top Java Microservices Interview Questions and Answers

In this section, we’ll look at the most frequently asked Java Microservices interview questions and answers that you can expect at your Java developer interview.

Q1. Which are some popular Java Microservices frameworks?

Some popular Java Microservices frameworks are:

  • Jakarta EE
  • Micronaut
  • Spring Boot
  • Spark Java
  • Axon Framework

Q2. What are the main features of Microservices in Java?

Some main features of Microservices are:

  • Component complexities are hidden from each other
  • The Data Management process is centralized
  • Microservices support Polyglot architecture
  • The architecture can be organized in accordance with business requirements
  • The application is made of small components or modules which can be easily managed
  • Microservices support implementation of DevOps

Here are some Java 8 Interview Questions to crack the coding interview.

Q3. How does communication take place between Microservices?

This is one of the most common Java Microservices interview questions asked in technical interviews.

Communication takes place in two fashions:

Synchronous Communication - Synchronous Communication can occur through HTTP, FeignClient, WebClient, and Ribbon, using the RestTemplate.

Asynchronous Communication - Asynchronous Communication occurs when the user doesn’t require an immediate response. This mode of communication can be achieved using Kafka, JMS Implementation, or RabbitMQ.

Q4. When does Contract Testing become useful in Microservices?

Contract testing is useful when multiple Microservices need to communicate with each other. It is mainly used to detect irregularities in application configuration and consumer workflow.  

Q5. What is the function of the Actuator in Spring Boot?

Actuators in Spring Boot are sub-projects used to provide Restful web services. Restful services are important to assess the current state of the application.

Look at these Java Interview Questions for Software Developers with 5 years of experience.

Let’s look at some additional concept-based Java Microservices interview questions to help you prepare for your Java developer interview.

Java Microservices Interview Questions on Core Concepts

  1. How do you handle disturbed transactions in Microservices?
  2. What is Sleuth in Microservices?
  3. What is Sipkin in Microservices?
  4. What do you understand about the Saga pattern in Microservices?
  5. What are independent operations in Microservices?
  6. What are some disadvantages of the Microservices architecture?

Take a look at some Java Programming Interview Questions and Answers here.

Security-based Java Microservices Interview Questions

  1. What do you understand about JWT?
  2. How would you go about configuring security at Resource Server Levels?
  3. What is a Resource Server?
  4. What do you understand about Token Relays? How do they happen?
  5. How does OAuth2 work?
  6. How does Spring security work in Microservices architecture?
  7. How do Resource Servers validate JWT tokens?

Check some Java Multithreading Interview Questions here.

Java Microservices Interview Questions on Inter-service Communication

  1. How does the Discovery Client work?
  2. What do you understand about Zuul?
  3. How does Load balancing work in Microservices?
  4. What are the main features of Spring Boot?
  5. What are the main features of the Axon framework?

Here are some Interview Questions on Java OOPS Concepts you should practice.

These Java Microservices interview questions will help you prepare for your next Java developer interview.

FAQs on Java Microservices Interview Questions

Q1. Why is Java a preferred language for Microservices?

Java is the most preferred language to write Microservices because its annotation syntax is the easiest to read among other OOP languages. Frameworks like Spring Boot and Angular make it easy to code Microservices applications.

Q2. What do you understand about Microservices in Java?

Microservices are fundamentally a collection of software applications that perform limited, individual tasks in a modular format. Each individual component contributes to the program’s functioning, and each Microservice has its own code components.  

Q3. What types of Java Microservices interview questions can you expect?

You can expect Java Microservices interview questions at coding and systems design interviews, mostly for programmers with experience.

Q4. Is Spring Boot built to write Java Microservice applications?

Although Spring Boot can be used to write Microservices, it isn’t built only to write Microservices applications. It can also be used to write advanced software programs in Java.

Q5. What is the use of ZULL in Microservices applications?

ZULL is essentially an Application Program Interface Gateway application used to ensure optimal monitoring, dynamic routing, and resilience of applications.

Gear Up for Your Next Technical Interview

If you’re getting ready for your upcoming Java developer interview, register for our free webinar to get insightful guidance from industry experts on how to nail technical interviews at top companies.

At Interview Kickstart, we’ve trained over 9,000 engineers to land lucrative offers at the biggest tech companies. Our instructors, who are FAANG hiring managers, know what it takes to nail tough tech interviews at top technology companies.

Sign-up for our free webinar now!



Last updated on: 
November 1, 2023
Author
Vartika Rai
Product Manager at Interview Kickstart | Ex-Microsoft | IIIT Hyderabad | ML/Data Science Enthusiast. Working with industry experts to help working professionals successfully prepare and ace interviews at FAANG+ and top tech companies
The fast well prepared banner

Top Java Microservices Interview Questions and Answers for Your Tech Interview

Microservices are a key concept discussed in technical interviews for software engineers. Java Microservices interview questions are typically asked of experienced software engineers during coding and design interviews. In this article, we'll look at frequently asked Java Microservices interview questions for fresher and experienced developers to help you ace your tech interview.

If you’re a software engineer, coding engineer, software developer, engineering manager, or tech lead preparing for tech interviews, check out our technical interview checklist, interview questions page, and salary negotiation e-book to get interview-ready!

Having trained over 9,000 software engineers, we know what it takes to crack the most challenging tech interviews. Since 2014, Interview Kickstart alums have landed lucrative offers from FAANG and Tier-1 tech companies, with an average salary hike of 49%. The highest-ever offer received by an IK alum is a whopping $933,000!

At IK, you get the unique opportunity to learn from expert instructors who are hiring managers and tech leads at Google, Facebook, Apple, and other top Silicon Valley tech companies.  Our reviews will tell you how we’ve shaped the careers of thousands of professionals aspiring to take their careers to new heights.

Want to nail your next tech interview? Sign up for our FREE Webinar.

Let’s look at some popular Java Microservices interview questions that frequently feature in technical interviews.

Here’s what we’ll cover:

  • Top Java Microservices Interview Questions and Answers
  • Java Microservices Interview Questions on Core Concepts
  • Security-based Java Microservices Interview Questions
  • Java Microservices Interview Questions on Inter-service Communication
  • FAQs on Java Microservices Interview Questions

Top Java Microservices Interview Questions and Answers

In this section, we’ll look at the most frequently asked Java Microservices interview questions and answers that you can expect at your Java developer interview.

Q1. Which are some popular Java Microservices frameworks?

Some popular Java Microservices frameworks are:

  • Jakarta EE
  • Micronaut
  • Spring Boot
  • Spark Java
  • Axon Framework

Q2. What are the main features of Microservices in Java?

Some main features of Microservices are:

  • Component complexities are hidden from each other
  • The Data Management process is centralized
  • Microservices support Polyglot architecture
  • The architecture can be organized in accordance with business requirements
  • The application is made of small components or modules which can be easily managed
  • Microservices support implementation of DevOps

Here are some Java 8 Interview Questions to crack the coding interview.

Q3. How does communication take place between Microservices?

This is one of the most common Java Microservices interview questions asked in technical interviews.

Communication takes place in two fashions:

Synchronous Communication - Synchronous Communication can occur through HTTP, FeignClient, WebClient, and Ribbon, using the RestTemplate.

Asynchronous Communication - Asynchronous Communication occurs when the user doesn’t require an immediate response. This mode of communication can be achieved using Kafka, JMS Implementation, or RabbitMQ.

Q4. When does Contract Testing become useful in Microservices?

Contract testing is useful when multiple Microservices need to communicate with each other. It is mainly used to detect irregularities in application configuration and consumer workflow.  

Q5. What is the function of the Actuator in Spring Boot?

Actuators in Spring Boot are sub-projects used to provide Restful web services. Restful services are important to assess the current state of the application.

Look at these Java Interview Questions for Software Developers with 5 years of experience.

Let’s look at some additional concept-based Java Microservices interview questions to help you prepare for your Java developer interview.

Java Microservices Interview Questions on Core Concepts

  1. How do you handle disturbed transactions in Microservices?
  2. What is Sleuth in Microservices?
  3. What is Sipkin in Microservices?
  4. What do you understand about the Saga pattern in Microservices?
  5. What are independent operations in Microservices?
  6. What are some disadvantages of the Microservices architecture?

Take a look at some Java Programming Interview Questions and Answers here.

Security-based Java Microservices Interview Questions

  1. What do you understand about JWT?
  2. How would you go about configuring security at Resource Server Levels?
  3. What is a Resource Server?
  4. What do you understand about Token Relays? How do they happen?
  5. How does OAuth2 work?
  6. How does Spring security work in Microservices architecture?
  7. How do Resource Servers validate JWT tokens?

Check some Java Multithreading Interview Questions here.

Java Microservices Interview Questions on Inter-service Communication

  1. How does the Discovery Client work?
  2. What do you understand about Zuul?
  3. How does Load balancing work in Microservices?
  4. What are the main features of Spring Boot?
  5. What are the main features of the Axon framework?

Here are some Interview Questions on Java OOPS Concepts you should practice.

These Java Microservices interview questions will help you prepare for your next Java developer interview.

FAQs on Java Microservices Interview Questions

Q1. Why is Java a preferred language for Microservices?

Java is the most preferred language to write Microservices because its annotation syntax is the easiest to read among other OOP languages. Frameworks like Spring Boot and Angular make it easy to code Microservices applications.

Q2. What do you understand about Microservices in Java?

Microservices are fundamentally a collection of software applications that perform limited, individual tasks in a modular format. Each individual component contributes to the program’s functioning, and each Microservice has its own code components.  

Q3. What types of Java Microservices interview questions can you expect?

You can expect Java Microservices interview questions at coding and systems design interviews, mostly for programmers with experience.

Q4. Is Spring Boot built to write Java Microservice applications?

Although Spring Boot can be used to write Microservices, it isn’t built only to write Microservices applications. It can also be used to write advanced software programs in Java.

Q5. What is the use of ZULL in Microservices applications?

ZULL is essentially an Application Program Interface Gateway application used to ensure optimal monitoring, dynamic routing, and resilience of applications.

Gear Up for Your Next Technical Interview

If you’re getting ready for your upcoming Java developer interview, register for our free webinar to get insightful guidance from industry experts on how to nail technical interviews at top companies.

At Interview Kickstart, we’ve trained over 9,000 engineers to land lucrative offers at the biggest tech companies. Our instructors, who are FAANG hiring managers, know what it takes to nail tough tech interviews at top technology companies.

Sign-up for our free webinar now!



Recession-proof your Career

Recession-proof your Software Engineering Career

Attend our free webinar to amp up your career and get the salary you deserve.

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Hosted By
Ryan Valles
Founder, Interview Kickstart
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Accelerate your Interview prep with Tier-1 tech instructors
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360° courses that have helped 14,000+ tech professionals
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57% average salary hike received by alums in 2022
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100% money-back guarantee*
Register for Webinar

Recession-proof your Career

Recession-proof your Software Engineering Career

Attend our free webinar to amp up your career and get the salary you deserve.

Ryan-image
Hosted By
Ryan Valles
Founder, Interview Kickstart
blue tick
Accelerate your Interview prep with Tier-1 tech instructors
blue tick
360° courses that have helped 14,000+ tech professionals
blue tick
57% average salary hike received by alums in 2022
blue tick
100% money-back guarantee*
Register for Webinar

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