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Top 20 Android Interview Questions for Senior Developers [2024]

by Interview Kickstart Team in Interview Questions
June 13, 2024

Top 20 Android Interview Questions for Senior Developers [2024]

Last updated by Rishabh Dev Choudhary on Jun 13, 2024 at 02:11 AM | Reading time:

You can download a PDF version of  
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So, you have received a call to work as a Senior Android Developer. You have chosen the best clothes and updated your resume & references. But, have you prepared for the Senior Android Developer Interview Questions that will be asked during the interview? 

Learning and understanding these questions is important to help you prepare better for the interview. 

To secure such a high position, you need to have a deeper understanding of the various Android development principles and other such aspects. Therefore, a Senior Android Developer Interview Questions bank will be useful. 

We have created such a question bank that will help you understand the types of questions asked during the interview and how you can prepare for them to ace the interview. 

So, let’s dive straight into the top 20 toughest Senior Android Developer Interview Questions. 

1. Explain the Differences Between a Fragment and an Activity in Android

Any activity in Android is represented as a single screen with a user interface through which the users interact and perform different tasks. On the other hand, a fragment is a portion of a user’s activity on the interface or behavior that can be reused on multiple tasks. 

The main difference between them is that while an activity can exist and be launched independently, but it must host a fragment. Even a single activity can host multiple fragments, and each fragment can be removed, added, or replaced based on the runtime and the user’s interaction. 

Another difference between them is that an activity has its own lifecycle, but a fragment depends on the host’s lifecycle. When a hosting activity is destroyed, all its associated fragments also get destroyed. 

2. Elaborate on the Importance of the AndroidManifest.xml File in an Android Application

To answer this senior Android developer interview question you have to first understand that AndroindManifest.xml is an Android application’s key component. It is an XML file that shares essential information about the application with the Android operating system. Some of its important roles are:

  • Declaring the application’s package name and components: A unique identifier for an application is the package name. It is just like the name of a person and is used to create a distinct identity for the application on the device. The manifest file also declares all the components of the application including its activities, services, etc. 
  • Declaring the required permissions: The manifest file lists all the permissions to access the resources and other data needed by the application to run smoothly.

    The manifest file plays an important role in the functioning and security of an Android application. It provides the Android system with all the relevant permissions and information about the application, helping it to function smoothly. 

Also read: Software Engineering Manager: Responsibilities and Salary

3. What are the Steps you Follow to Implement Data Binding in an Android Application?

One of the most powerful features in Android mobile application software development is data binding. It allows developers to bind the UI component in their layout files to the data sources in the application. 

With its help, a developer can simplify their code, reduce the boilerplate, and improve the efficiency of the application. 

The following are the key steps used in implementing data binding in Android applications:

  1. Enabling data binding in the app: Data binding can be enabled in the application’s build.gradle file. It can be done by adding the following lines of code:
1android {    
2	...    
3	dataBinding {        
4	enabled = true    
5}}
  1. Create a layout file with data binding: Wrap the root view with the <layout> tag in your layout file enabling data binding for the layout file. The following is an example of code that you can use to bind expressions to bind the UI components to the data sources. 
1<layout
2	xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
3	<LinearLayout ...>
4		<TextView android:id="@+id/textView"android:text="@{viewModel.text}" />
5	</LinearLayout>
6</layout>
  1. Create a data source: In the next step, create a data source in your activity or fragment. It can be in the form of a ViewModel or model object containing the data to be displayed in the UI. 
1class MyViewModel: ViewModel() {
2	val text = MutableLiveData < String > ("Hello, World!")
3}
  1. Bind data to the UI components: Inflate the file in your activity or fragment using DataBindingUtil.inflate() to bind the data source to the layout using the binding class. 
1val binding: MyLayoutBinding = DataBindingUtil.inflate(
2	inflater, R.layout.my_layout, container, false) 
3binding.viewModel = MyViewModel()
  1. Update the data source: Updating the data source properties will help update the data being displayed in the UI components. 
viewModel.text.value = "Hello, Data Binding!"

4. What are the Differences Between Implicit and Explicit Intent in Android

To answer this senior android developer interview question, you can say intents help communication between the various components and between different applications. They request an action from the system. There are two kinds of intent in Android - implicit and explicit. 

Let’s look at the differences between through a table:

Explicit Intent Implicit Intent
It specifies the component by providing the name of the class This type of intent does not specify the exact component that needs to be invoked
This intent is used to launch a specific component from within the same app Instead, it specifies the action that needs to be performed and the data involved
They are mostly used to launch a new activity within the same application. It is used for performing the system-level actions like sending an email, etc.

5. Explain the Working of Dependency Injection (DI) in Android

In this senior Android developer interview question, you can say that DI is described as a design pattern used to promote any loose coupling between classes. DI frameworks like Dagger or Koin are used to manage the dependencies, and they involve creating interfaces or abstract classes for the dependencies. 

This helps in improving the overall maintainability, and testability, and allows for easy swapping of the dependencies. 

6. What Purpose Does ProGuard Serve in Android Development?

In Android development, ProGuard is used to shrink, optimize, and obfuscate. Essentially, it analyzes the compiled code and removes any unused classes, fields, etc. thereby helping to reduce the overall size of the application. 

Further, it renames the classes, fields, and methods to obfuscate. As a result, it becomes difficult for reverse engineers to understand and modify the code.

7. What are the Various Types of Services in Android?

In this senior Android developer interview question, you can say there are three different types of services in Android:

  • Foreground service: It is responsible for performing those operations that are easily noticeable to the users. 
  • Background service: As the name suggests, it runs in the background and is not directly noticed by the user. 
  • Bound service: When an application component is bound to a service using bindService(), it is known as a bound service. It provides a client-server interface that helps the components to interact with the services. 

8. Explain the Various Important Files and Folders Used When you Create a New Android Application

You can say the following are the important files and folders used when creating a new Android application to answer this senior Android developer interview question:

  • App: It describes the key characteristics of the application and defines each of the components. 
  • Java: It contains the .java source files and .kt source files for the project.
  • res: It stores the values for the resources used in different Android projects. It contains information such as the features of the color, styles, etc. 
  • Scripts: They are the auto-generated files that contain the compileSdkVersion, buildToolsVersion, and more. 

Also read: Software Testing MCQs With Answers[prepared by Site Reliability Engineer at Google]

9. What are the Differences Between Serializable and Parcelable and Explain Which is the Best Approach in Android?

Serializable is a standard Java interface where you mark a class as serializable and implement the interface for Java to automatically serialize it. 

On the other hand, parcelable is an Android-specific interface where the developers themselves implement the serialization. It is more efficient and faster than serialization in optimizing Android development. 

10. Explain What Database is Used in Android and How is it Different from Client-Server Database Management Systems

In Android, several databases are used and SQLite is one of the most popular and widely used databases. 

It is serverless, transactional, and self-contained, making it simple to use for the developers and more efficient as well. It is linked with the application itself instead of the client-server relationship in most database management systems. 

11. What are the Differences Between compileSdkVersions and targetSdkVersion?

You can refer to the following table to answer the senior Android developer interview question describing the differences between compileSdkVersions and targetSdkVersion:

compileSdkVersions targetSdkVersion
It is the version of API that the application is compiled against It indicates that the app has been tested on the version specified by the developer
Developers can use the Android API features involved in that version of the API It is like a certification given to the Android OS as a document on how to handle the application’s OS features

12. Explain How you Optimize the Performance of a Complex Android Application, Especially When Dealing with Resource-Intensive Tasks and Large Datasets

Answer this senior Android developer interview question by stating that to improve the performance of complex Android applications that handle resource-intensive tasks and large datasets, you follow efficient coding practices. 

Implementing background threading, utilizing caching mechanisms, and minimizing unnecessary UI updates are also useful in this regard. Optimizing the database queries and leveraging suitable data structures also give a significant boost to the performance.

13. How do you approach and Contribute to the Architectural Design of a Scalable and Maintainable Android Application While Ensuring Code Quality and Modularization?

When answering this senior Android developer interview question, you focus on building scalable and maintainable applications to contribute to architectural designs. Also say that you prioritize clean coding, modularization, and aligning with architectural patterns such as MVVM also help. 

14. Explain How you Apply Object-Oriented Design Principles in your Android Projects

In this senior Android developer interview question you can discuss your approach to designing systems with high cohesion and loose coupling. 

You can further state that you use interfaces and abstract classes to maintain flexibility, adhere to SOLID principles, and ensure that each of the classes carries out a single responsibility.

Also read; What is Full Stack Development

15. List out the Advantages of Using Kotlin over Java in Android Development

While answering this senior Android developer interview question you can talk about the benefits of Kotlin like null safety, extension functions, and coroutines. 

You can also give examples like using the extension function to add more functionality to the existing classes or coroutines for asynchronous programming. 

16. Explain the Android Application Life Cycle, and How you Handle Each Stage

The Android application life cycle is the stages that an Android application goes through in its lifetime. It starts right from the time when it is launched for the first time till the time it is stopped or destroyed. 

The key stages of the Android application life cycle are:

  • onCreate(): It is the first method used when an application is launched for the first time. It helps initialize the app and set up any resources that it might need.
  • onStart(): It is used to prepare the application so that it is easily visible to the users. 
  • onResume(): This method is used when the app is about to interact with the users. This is the first time when the application is in the foreground and running actively.
  • onPause() It is used when the application is moving into the background. Here, it saves any unsaved data or releases any resources that are no longer needed.
  • onStop(): This method is used when the app is no longer visible to the users and releases any resources that are no longer needed. 
  • onDestroy(): This method is used to destroy the application. In this stage, resources are released that were not released during the onStop() or onPause() stages. 
  • onRestart(): It is used when an application that was stopped earlier is restarted. 

17. What is the Process of Implementing Localization in an Android Application?

Localization can be defined as the process of adapting and modifying an application to fit different cultures, languages, and regions. The following steps can be used for implementing localization in an Android application:

  1. Create a new value directory for each of the languages and regions you want the app to support. Each of the value directories should consist of a strings.xml file that will have the translated text for the app. 
  2. The translated text should be added to the strings.xml file in each of the value directories. The following line of code can be used:
1<string name="submit_button_text">Submit</string>
  1. After this, you can use the string resources in the app’s layout and code. You can reference the string resource instead of hard coding the text in the application from the corresponding strings.xml file. 
  2. Once the above steps are completed, you have to set a default language and region for the app. You can do this in the AndroindManifest.xml file.

18. Differentiate Between a Service and a Broadcast Receiver in Android

Refer to the following table to understand the differences between a service and a broadcast receiver while answering this senior Android developer interview question. 

Service Broadcast Reciever
It runs in the background and carries out long-running operations like downloading files, playing music, etc. It is a component in Android that focuses on listening for system-wide broadcast events like changes in the battery levels, etc.
It can run indefinitely or be stopped and started on demand It gets notified when a new event occurs and performs an action in response

19. What are Some Methods that you use to Handle Background Tasks in Android Applications?

To answer this senior Android developer interview question, you can say that you use the following methods to handle background tasks in Android apps:

  • Service: It is a component in the Android system that runs in the background and performs long-running tasks. It can run indefinitely or be started or stopped on demand.
  • IntentService: It is capable of handling multiple requests on a separate worker thread in a queue. It can download large files and other such long-running tasks in the background. Further, if the tasks get completed, it stops automatically.
  • JobScheduler: It allows the app to schedule tasks to run at specific times in the background.

20. Explain What is Android Debug Bridge (ABD)

The ADB is described as a versatile command-line tool that helps a computer and an Android device or emulator to communicate with each other. 

It is a part of the Android SDK platform and offers a wide range of tools and functionalities for debugging, installing, and managing Android applications. 

It’s some of the key features are:

  • Debugging
  • Application installation
  • File transfer
  • Shell access
  • Screen capture
  • Performance profiling

How Interview Kickstart can Help you Ace Android Interview Questions for Senior Developers?

As the world is becoming more and more mobile-friendly, Android is one of the top-selling & used mobile operating systems. The role of senior Android developers is a highly demanded profile in the Android application development world. 

Interview Kickstart has developed an Android Engineering Interview Masterclass for all those who want to build their careers in this domain and ace its interview. Developed and taught by FAANG+ instructors, this course will help you ace every interview you give. 

In this interview masterclass, you will learn everything from core technical interview concepts to the necessary soft skills. You will also learn about data structures and algorithms, system design, android engineering concepts, and more in just 15 weeks. 

Our experts will also help you build an ATS-clearing resume, optimize your LinkedIn profile, and build your brand.

Read the Interview Kickstart Reviews to get a glimpse of how we have helped our past tech professionals land jobs in the data profession and ace their Android interviews. 

FAQs: Senior Android Developer Interview Questions

What are some common tools used by Senior Android Developers?
Senior Android developers commonly use tools such as Android Studio, Gradle, Git, ProGuard, and Android Debug Bridge (ADB). They may also use libraries and frameworks like Dagger for dependency injection, Retrofit for networking, and Room for database management.

How Important is it to know Kotlin for Android Development?
Knowing Kotlin is highly important for modern Android development. Kotlin is officially supported by Google for Android development and offers features like null safety, extension functions, and coroutines that can enhance productivity and reduce the likelihood of errors compared to Java.

What is MVVM and Why is it preferred in Android architecture?
MVVM stands for Model-View-ViewModel. It is preferred in Android architecture because it helps in separating concerns, and making the codebase more modular, testable, and maintainable. The ViewModel holds and manages UI-related data in a lifecycle-conscious way, ensuring that data survives configuration changes.

How do you aandle memory leaks in Android Applications?
Memory leaks can be handled by avoiding strong references to contexts, using weak references where appropriate, properly managing lifecycle-aware components, and utilizing tools like Android Profiler and LeakCanary to detect and fix leaks.

Can you explain the use of Jetpack Compose in Android Development?
Jetpack Compose is a modern toolkit for building native Android UI. It simplifies and accelerates UI development by using a declarative programming model, allowing developers to build UI components using Kotlin code directly. It promotes a reactive programming model, where the UI automatically updates when the underlying data changes.

Related reads:

Author
Rishabh Dev Choudhary
The fast well prepared banner

So, you have received a call to work as a Senior Android Developer. You have chosen the best clothes and updated your resume & references. But, have you prepared for the Senior Android Developer Interview Questions that will be asked during the interview? 

Learning and understanding these questions is important to help you prepare better for the interview. 

To secure such a high position, you need to have a deeper understanding of the various Android development principles and other such aspects. Therefore, a Senior Android Developer Interview Questions bank will be useful. 

We have created such a question bank that will help you understand the types of questions asked during the interview and how you can prepare for them to ace the interview. 

So, let’s dive straight into the top 20 toughest Senior Android Developer Interview Questions. 

1. Explain the Differences Between a Fragment and an Activity in Android

Any activity in Android is represented as a single screen with a user interface through which the users interact and perform different tasks. On the other hand, a fragment is a portion of a user’s activity on the interface or behavior that can be reused on multiple tasks. 

The main difference between them is that while an activity can exist and be launched independently, but it must host a fragment. Even a single activity can host multiple fragments, and each fragment can be removed, added, or replaced based on the runtime and the user’s interaction. 

Another difference between them is that an activity has its own lifecycle, but a fragment depends on the host’s lifecycle. When a hosting activity is destroyed, all its associated fragments also get destroyed. 

2. Elaborate on the Importance of the AndroidManifest.xml File in an Android Application

To answer this senior Android developer interview question you have to first understand that AndroindManifest.xml is an Android application’s key component. It is an XML file that shares essential information about the application with the Android operating system. Some of its important roles are:

  • Declaring the application’s package name and components: A unique identifier for an application is the package name. It is just like the name of a person and is used to create a distinct identity for the application on the device. The manifest file also declares all the components of the application including its activities, services, etc. 
  • Declaring the required permissions: The manifest file lists all the permissions to access the resources and other data needed by the application to run smoothly.

    The manifest file plays an important role in the functioning and security of an Android application. It provides the Android system with all the relevant permissions and information about the application, helping it to function smoothly. 

Also read: Software Engineering Manager: Responsibilities and Salary

3. What are the Steps you Follow to Implement Data Binding in an Android Application?

One of the most powerful features in Android mobile application software development is data binding. It allows developers to bind the UI component in their layout files to the data sources in the application. 

With its help, a developer can simplify their code, reduce the boilerplate, and improve the efficiency of the application. 

The following are the key steps used in implementing data binding in Android applications:

  1. Enabling data binding in the app: Data binding can be enabled in the application’s build.gradle file. It can be done by adding the following lines of code:
1android {    
2	...    
3	dataBinding {        
4	enabled = true    
5}}
  1. Create a layout file with data binding: Wrap the root view with the <layout> tag in your layout file enabling data binding for the layout file. The following is an example of code that you can use to bind expressions to bind the UI components to the data sources. 
1<layout
2	xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
3	<LinearLayout ...>
4		<TextView android:id="@+id/textView"android:text="@{viewModel.text}" />
5	</LinearLayout>
6</layout>
  1. Create a data source: In the next step, create a data source in your activity or fragment. It can be in the form of a ViewModel or model object containing the data to be displayed in the UI. 
1class MyViewModel: ViewModel() {
2	val text = MutableLiveData < String > ("Hello, World!")
3}
  1. Bind data to the UI components: Inflate the file in your activity or fragment using DataBindingUtil.inflate() to bind the data source to the layout using the binding class. 
1val binding: MyLayoutBinding = DataBindingUtil.inflate(
2	inflater, R.layout.my_layout, container, false) 
3binding.viewModel = MyViewModel()
  1. Update the data source: Updating the data source properties will help update the data being displayed in the UI components. 
viewModel.text.value = "Hello, Data Binding!"

4. What are the Differences Between Implicit and Explicit Intent in Android

To answer this senior android developer interview question, you can say intents help communication between the various components and between different applications. They request an action from the system. There are two kinds of intent in Android - implicit and explicit. 

Let’s look at the differences between through a table:

Explicit Intent Implicit Intent
It specifies the component by providing the name of the class This type of intent does not specify the exact component that needs to be invoked
This intent is used to launch a specific component from within the same app Instead, it specifies the action that needs to be performed and the data involved
They are mostly used to launch a new activity within the same application. It is used for performing the system-level actions like sending an email, etc.

5. Explain the Working of Dependency Injection (DI) in Android

In this senior Android developer interview question, you can say that DI is described as a design pattern used to promote any loose coupling between classes. DI frameworks like Dagger or Koin are used to manage the dependencies, and they involve creating interfaces or abstract classes for the dependencies. 

This helps in improving the overall maintainability, and testability, and allows for easy swapping of the dependencies. 

6. What Purpose Does ProGuard Serve in Android Development?

In Android development, ProGuard is used to shrink, optimize, and obfuscate. Essentially, it analyzes the compiled code and removes any unused classes, fields, etc. thereby helping to reduce the overall size of the application. 

Further, it renames the classes, fields, and methods to obfuscate. As a result, it becomes difficult for reverse engineers to understand and modify the code.

7. What are the Various Types of Services in Android?

In this senior Android developer interview question, you can say there are three different types of services in Android:

  • Foreground service: It is responsible for performing those operations that are easily noticeable to the users. 
  • Background service: As the name suggests, it runs in the background and is not directly noticed by the user. 
  • Bound service: When an application component is bound to a service using bindService(), it is known as a bound service. It provides a client-server interface that helps the components to interact with the services. 

8. Explain the Various Important Files and Folders Used When you Create a New Android Application

You can say the following are the important files and folders used when creating a new Android application to answer this senior Android developer interview question:

  • App: It describes the key characteristics of the application and defines each of the components. 
  • Java: It contains the .java source files and .kt source files for the project.
  • res: It stores the values for the resources used in different Android projects. It contains information such as the features of the color, styles, etc. 
  • Scripts: They are the auto-generated files that contain the compileSdkVersion, buildToolsVersion, and more. 

Also read: Software Testing MCQs With Answers[prepared by Site Reliability Engineer at Google]

9. What are the Differences Between Serializable and Parcelable and Explain Which is the Best Approach in Android?

Serializable is a standard Java interface where you mark a class as serializable and implement the interface for Java to automatically serialize it. 

On the other hand, parcelable is an Android-specific interface where the developers themselves implement the serialization. It is more efficient and faster than serialization in optimizing Android development. 

10. Explain What Database is Used in Android and How is it Different from Client-Server Database Management Systems

In Android, several databases are used and SQLite is one of the most popular and widely used databases. 

It is serverless, transactional, and self-contained, making it simple to use for the developers and more efficient as well. It is linked with the application itself instead of the client-server relationship in most database management systems. 

11. What are the Differences Between compileSdkVersions and targetSdkVersion?

You can refer to the following table to answer the senior Android developer interview question describing the differences between compileSdkVersions and targetSdkVersion:

compileSdkVersions targetSdkVersion
It is the version of API that the application is compiled against It indicates that the app has been tested on the version specified by the developer
Developers can use the Android API features involved in that version of the API It is like a certification given to the Android OS as a document on how to handle the application’s OS features

12. Explain How you Optimize the Performance of a Complex Android Application, Especially When Dealing with Resource-Intensive Tasks and Large Datasets

Answer this senior Android developer interview question by stating that to improve the performance of complex Android applications that handle resource-intensive tasks and large datasets, you follow efficient coding practices. 

Implementing background threading, utilizing caching mechanisms, and minimizing unnecessary UI updates are also useful in this regard. Optimizing the database queries and leveraging suitable data structures also give a significant boost to the performance.

13. How do you approach and Contribute to the Architectural Design of a Scalable and Maintainable Android Application While Ensuring Code Quality and Modularization?

When answering this senior Android developer interview question, you focus on building scalable and maintainable applications to contribute to architectural designs. Also say that you prioritize clean coding, modularization, and aligning with architectural patterns such as MVVM also help. 

14. Explain How you Apply Object-Oriented Design Principles in your Android Projects

In this senior Android developer interview question you can discuss your approach to designing systems with high cohesion and loose coupling. 

You can further state that you use interfaces and abstract classes to maintain flexibility, adhere to SOLID principles, and ensure that each of the classes carries out a single responsibility.

Also read; What is Full Stack Development

15. List out the Advantages of Using Kotlin over Java in Android Development

While answering this senior Android developer interview question you can talk about the benefits of Kotlin like null safety, extension functions, and coroutines. 

You can also give examples like using the extension function to add more functionality to the existing classes or coroutines for asynchronous programming. 

16. Explain the Android Application Life Cycle, and How you Handle Each Stage

The Android application life cycle is the stages that an Android application goes through in its lifetime. It starts right from the time when it is launched for the first time till the time it is stopped or destroyed. 

The key stages of the Android application life cycle are:

  • onCreate(): It is the first method used when an application is launched for the first time. It helps initialize the app and set up any resources that it might need.
  • onStart(): It is used to prepare the application so that it is easily visible to the users. 
  • onResume(): This method is used when the app is about to interact with the users. This is the first time when the application is in the foreground and running actively.
  • onPause() It is used when the application is moving into the background. Here, it saves any unsaved data or releases any resources that are no longer needed.
  • onStop(): This method is used when the app is no longer visible to the users and releases any resources that are no longer needed. 
  • onDestroy(): This method is used to destroy the application. In this stage, resources are released that were not released during the onStop() or onPause() stages. 
  • onRestart(): It is used when an application that was stopped earlier is restarted. 

17. What is the Process of Implementing Localization in an Android Application?

Localization can be defined as the process of adapting and modifying an application to fit different cultures, languages, and regions. The following steps can be used for implementing localization in an Android application:

  1. Create a new value directory for each of the languages and regions you want the app to support. Each of the value directories should consist of a strings.xml file that will have the translated text for the app. 
  2. The translated text should be added to the strings.xml file in each of the value directories. The following line of code can be used:
1<string name="submit_button_text">Submit</string>
  1. After this, you can use the string resources in the app’s layout and code. You can reference the string resource instead of hard coding the text in the application from the corresponding strings.xml file. 
  2. Once the above steps are completed, you have to set a default language and region for the app. You can do this in the AndroindManifest.xml file.

18. Differentiate Between a Service and a Broadcast Receiver in Android

Refer to the following table to understand the differences between a service and a broadcast receiver while answering this senior Android developer interview question. 

Service Broadcast Reciever
It runs in the background and carries out long-running operations like downloading files, playing music, etc. It is a component in Android that focuses on listening for system-wide broadcast events like changes in the battery levels, etc.
It can run indefinitely or be stopped and started on demand It gets notified when a new event occurs and performs an action in response

19. What are Some Methods that you use to Handle Background Tasks in Android Applications?

To answer this senior Android developer interview question, you can say that you use the following methods to handle background tasks in Android apps:

  • Service: It is a component in the Android system that runs in the background and performs long-running tasks. It can run indefinitely or be started or stopped on demand.
  • IntentService: It is capable of handling multiple requests on a separate worker thread in a queue. It can download large files and other such long-running tasks in the background. Further, if the tasks get completed, it stops automatically.
  • JobScheduler: It allows the app to schedule tasks to run at specific times in the background.

20. Explain What is Android Debug Bridge (ABD)

The ADB is described as a versatile command-line tool that helps a computer and an Android device or emulator to communicate with each other. 

It is a part of the Android SDK platform and offers a wide range of tools and functionalities for debugging, installing, and managing Android applications. 

It’s some of the key features are:

  • Debugging
  • Application installation
  • File transfer
  • Shell access
  • Screen capture
  • Performance profiling

How Interview Kickstart can Help you Ace Android Interview Questions for Senior Developers?

As the world is becoming more and more mobile-friendly, Android is one of the top-selling & used mobile operating systems. The role of senior Android developers is a highly demanded profile in the Android application development world. 

Interview Kickstart has developed an Android Engineering Interview Masterclass for all those who want to build their careers in this domain and ace its interview. Developed and taught by FAANG+ instructors, this course will help you ace every interview you give. 

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FAQs: Senior Android Developer Interview Questions

What are some common tools used by Senior Android Developers?
Senior Android developers commonly use tools such as Android Studio, Gradle, Git, ProGuard, and Android Debug Bridge (ADB). They may also use libraries and frameworks like Dagger for dependency injection, Retrofit for networking, and Room for database management.

How Important is it to know Kotlin for Android Development?
Knowing Kotlin is highly important for modern Android development. Kotlin is officially supported by Google for Android development and offers features like null safety, extension functions, and coroutines that can enhance productivity and reduce the likelihood of errors compared to Java.

What is MVVM and Why is it preferred in Android architecture?
MVVM stands for Model-View-ViewModel. It is preferred in Android architecture because it helps in separating concerns, and making the codebase more modular, testable, and maintainable. The ViewModel holds and manages UI-related data in a lifecycle-conscious way, ensuring that data survives configuration changes.

How do you aandle memory leaks in Android Applications?
Memory leaks can be handled by avoiding strong references to contexts, using weak references where appropriate, properly managing lifecycle-aware components, and utilizing tools like Android Profiler and LeakCanary to detect and fix leaks.

Can you explain the use of Jetpack Compose in Android Development?
Jetpack Compose is a modern toolkit for building native Android UI. It simplifies and accelerates UI development by using a declarative programming model, allowing developers to build UI components using Kotlin code directly. It promotes a reactive programming model, where the UI automatically updates when the underlying data changes.

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