Front-end developers are computer programmers who specialize in website design and are responsible for developing the structure and design of web pages. Their work is focused on the visitor-facing aspects of a website, as opposed to back-end developers, who focus on the behind-the-scenes work.
Besides creating great websites, the role includes a host of other responsibilities, and this is what we’re here to discuss. So that when you appear for that front-end software engineer interview, you know exactly what you’re signing up for.
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To help you understand the role of a front-end software engineer better, in this article, we’ll be covering:
- What Does a Front-end Software Engineer Do?
- Programming Languages and Tools Used by Front-end Software Engineers
- Responsibilities of Front-end Software Engineers
- Front-end Software Engineer Interview Questions
- FAQs on Front-end Software Engineer
What Does a Front-end Software Engineer Do?
A front-end software engineer, also known as a front-end web developer or designer, works on the selection, installation, and testing of the user interface elements of a particular website. These engineers concentrate on how the site looks and feels and its functionality.
The job prospects for front-end software engineers are pretty great, especially for those who possess the required skills that help them develop websites that can be accessed easily by mobile devices.
Learn more about the Role of a Facebook Front-End Engineer here.
Programming Languages and Tools Used by Front-end Software Engineers
The most common programming languages and tools used by front-end software engineers are:
Other programming languages they might need to use include Python, Ruby, or PHP. These are used to simplify connecting the data with the back end of their website.
As a front-end software engineer, you’ll be using a combination of design and web development in your work. Therefore, the tools have been divided into two categories:
- Graphic Design Tools
Before writing the code, front-end developers use graphic design tools to build a prototype. This lets them experiment and run tests with the user interface before they start working on the actual code.
The scope of the project determines which tools will be used. It might require something as simple as a pencil and paper or graphics editing programs like Sketch or Photoshop. Prototyping tools such as Balsamiq Mockups or more advanced graphical editing tools such as Figma or Illustrator might also be used.
- Code Editing Tools
Front-end software engineers use code editing tools to write code for the website. Some developers even choose to use lightweight editors such as Notepad, while others go for more advanced editors with more features like Visual Studio or Eclipse.
Remember to test out a few different editors before you choose one to see which one will work best.
Therefore, to get the best front-end software engineer jobs, you’ll need to grasp these programming languages and tools. You can also look at 7 Important Skills to Become a Successful Front-end Engineer.
Responsibilities of Front-end Software Engineers
For front-end software engineers, the job comes with the following responsibilities:
- Create functional and aesthetically pleasing web and mobile-based applications centered around usability.
- Combine different markup languages to write web pages.
- Work on functional requirement documentation and specifications.
- Do website maintenance along with enhancements.
- Develop good mockups and prototypes within the dedicated timelines.
- Collaborate with back-end developers with coding and troubleshooting.
- Build consistent cascading style sheets (CSS) across all platforms and browsers.
- Ensure that the graphic standards and branding remain consistent throughout the product’s interface.
- Remain updated about the emerging trends and technologies.
- Promote the adoption of best practices.
These are the tasks generally associated with front-end software engineers and might vary depending on the company and position. Once you understand the responsibilities, you can learn six quick steps to crack the interview and uplevel your Front-End Developer Interview Preparation.
Front-end Software Engineer Interview Questions
To help you prepare, here are some front-end software engineer interview questions for freshers:
- What is meant by HTML tags?
- What is the difference between div and span?
- List the advantages of REST web services.
- Explain user-centered design.
- What do you mean by ClickJacking?
- When should WebPack be used?
- How can the page load time be decreased?
- How do browsers render the UI?
Some front-end software engineer interview questions for experienced professionals:
- Define Stringify.
- Give all the elements of the CSS Box Model.
- What is the benefit of the srcset attribute in an image tag?
- What are the CSS image sprites, and why is it important?
- List some disadvantages of using a CSS preprocessor such as Sass.
- Differentiate between attribute and property.
- How does == differ from ===?
- Name the major HTTP requests.
- Why is the “use strict”; statement used?
- Give some ways in which the browser-specific styling issue can be resolved.
Take a look at some more Front-end Developer Interview Questions and Answers for interview preparation.
These are some front-end software engineer interview questions you can expect, so hash out a preparation strategy accordingly. For more information on how to crack front-end developer interviews, read How to Crack the Front-End Coding Interview.
FAQs on Front-end Software Engineer
Q1. How to become a front-end software engineer?
To become a front-end software engineer, you’ll need to have a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a similar field and be proficient in programming languages such as CSS, HTML, and so on, among other things.
Q2. Is the front-end easier than the backend?
Front-end web development is considered tougher than backend since it changes more often. However, it ultimately depends on your skillset. It could be harder or easier for you, depending on your understanding and your tools.
Q3. Which language is best for front-end development?
Q4. What is the front-end in software design?
Q5. What is the average salary of a front-end software engineer?
According to Salary.com, the average salary of a front-end software engineer is $116,059 per year in the US.
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