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What is RDBMS? How Does SQL Interact With It?

Last updated on: 
February 12, 2024
Isha Chakraborty
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About The Author!
Isha Chakraborty
Isha Chakraborty

Amongst multiple organizations around the world, RDBMS stands as the most well-known database system, but what is an RDBMS

RDBMS offers an efficient method to retrieve and store large sets of data and also provides a combination of easy implementation and system performance. In RDBMS, the data is stored in tabular forms, with commercial relational database management system software that uses SQL structured query language for accessing the database.

Here’s what we’ll cover in the article:

  • What is RDBMS Database?
  • Relational Database Management Systems: Features
  • Relational Databases: Benefits 
  • How does SQL interact with RDBMS?
  • Prepare for SQL and RDBMS interviews with IK!
  • FAQs About What is RDBMS

What is RDBMS Database?

The database that stores and provides data points access that are interrelated is known as a relational database. Relational databases are a direct way to represent data in tables. In relational databases, every row of the table holds a record with the key, which is a unique ID. The tables in the column consist of attributes of the data, and every record holds a value for a certain attribute, which makes it simple to establish relationships between data points.


Relational Database Management Systems: Features

Relational database management system elements cover the basic relational database and are so intrinsic to operations that it gets hard to dissociate them in practice.

Basic Operations

  • Update, create, and delete operations are fundamental functions.
  • Establishes the structure for a well-managed system.

Metadata and Data Dictionaries

  • Provides metadata, collections, and data dictionaries.
  • Facilitates efficient data handling and supports data relationships.

Data Storage Management

  • Manages data objects, ranging from large binary objects to stored procedures.
  • Multiple management approaches for data objects.

SQL Utilization

  • Primarily uses SQL for data access.
  • SQL includes data manipulation and data definition language statements.

Integration with Programming Languages

  • Supports integration with programming languages like COBOL, Java, and .NET.
  • Utilizes extensions for seamless integration.

Concurrency and Data Integrity

  • Supports concurrent user access while ensuring data integrity.
  • Utilizes complex algorithms for effective management.

Security Management

  • Overlay service for enforcing policy-based access in enterprise settings.
  • Ensures a secure environment for data access.

Database Administration Support

  • Assists database administrators (DBAs) in managing and monitoring activities.
  • Provides automation utilities for data loading and backup processes.

Performance Tracking

  • Log files track system performance.
  • Facilitates measurement of database usage, capacity, and query performance.

Graphical Interfaces for Visualization

  • Provides graphical interfaces for visualizing database activity.
  • Aids DBAs in comprehending and managing database operations.

ACID Compliance

  • Adheres to ACID compliance for transactional reliability.
  • Crucial for handling business transactions in relational technology.

Evolution and Adaptation

  • Evolves over time, achieving higher levels of query optimization.
  • Integral to reporting, analytics, and data warehousing applications in businesses.

Central Role in Enterprise Applications

  • Plays a central role in various enterprise applications.
  • A cornerstone in most master data management systems, showcasing its maturity and continued relevance.

Relational Databases: Benefits

The major benefit of relational database models is that they offer an intuitive process for representing data and provide smooth access to the related data points. As an output, organizations that require managing structured data in large amounts commonly use relational databases ranging from processing and transactional data to tracking inventory and application login.

Some other crucial advantages of using relational databases for storing and managing your data consist of:

  • Flexible: It is efficient to update, delete, or add tables and relationships and make other edits to the data whenever required instead of recreating the entire database structure or affecting the current applications.
  • Easy access: It is easy to function the complex quarries by implementing SQL, as it allows even beginners or non-technical users to study interaction with the database.
  • Collaboration: Several people can access and operate the data randomly. However, accessing the data simultaneously while it is being updated is prevented by the built-in lock feature.
  • Database normalization: A design technique called normalization is employed by relational databases, reducing redundancy of data and improving the data integrity.
  • Security: Due to the role-based security, access to data is restricted to certain users only.
  • ACID compliance: ACID (atomicity, consistency, isolation, durability) performance is supported by relational databases to ensure the validity of data, irrespective of failures, errors, or other mishaps.

What is SQL?

SQL, the short form for Structured Query Language, serves as the standard language for managing Relational Databases. It facilitates various data-related operations, including

1. Creating tables and inserting data

2. Querying and filtering data

3. Modifying and updating data

4. Deleting data or tables 

How Does SQL Interact with RDBMS?

An RDBMS, or Relational Database Management System, is a software program designed for maintaining relational databases. It serves as the foundation for contemporary database systems like MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, and Microsoft Access. SQL queries are employed by RDBMS to access database information.

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An RDBMS functions as a database management system, while SQL acts as the language for interacting with data within the RDBMS. To simplify, consider RDBMS as a book and SQL as the language within it. Whether you want to read or write a book, you use SQL.

While SQL is the standard language for almost every RDBMS, many systems incorporate proprietary extensions specific to their platform. Consequently, syntax and functionality may differ slightly across systems.

Prepare for SQL and RDBMS interviews with IK!

Relational Database Management Systems find widespread application in various sectors, including manufacturing, human resources, and banking. Airlines utilize these systems for storing ticket service and passenger documentation details, while universities rely on them for maintaining student databases.

Notable examples of specific RDBMS systems encompass IBM, Oracle, MySQL, Microsoft SQLServer, and PostgreSQL.

With Interview Kickstart’s wide range of top relational database interview questions and answers,  prepare for your interviews based on relational database management systems and your upcoming SQL server interview. 

FAQs About What is RDBMS

Q1. What is the major focus of RDBMS?

The RDBMS provides an interface for applications, users, and the database, along with administrative functions such as performance, access, and storage data management.

Q2. Name the 4 types of RDBMS.

Oracle, MySQL, MariaDB, and Microsoft SQL Server are the 4 primary RDBMSes.

Q3. Who discovered the concept of RDBMS?

The concept of relational databases was first introduced by Edgar Codd in June 1970.

Q4. What are the keys of RDBMS?

Alternate key, super key, candidate key, foreign key, primary key, and unique key are the keys of RDBMS.

Posted on 
February 7, 2024

Isha Chakraborty

Senior Content Specialist

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