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Software Testing MCQs With Answers[prepared by Site Reliability Engineer at Google]

Last updated on: 
February 12, 2024
|
by 
Abhinav Rawat
The fast well prepared banner
About The Author!
Abhinav Rawat
Abhinav Rawat
Product Manager at Interview Kickstart. The skilled and experienced mastermind behind several successful product designs for upscaling the ed-tech platforms with an outcome-driven approach for skilled individuals.

In the world of software development, ensuring the quality and functionality of applications is important. Software testing, a significant concept in this area, uses different strategies and devices to identify and rectify defects.

This article discusses the Software Testing MCQs with answers prepared by a Site Reliability Engineer at Google. Offering a thorough investigation of testing techniques, tools, and challenges, it gives valuable insights to beginners and professionals exploring the world of software testing.

Here’s what we’ll cover: 

Importance of Software Testing 

The significance of software testing couldn't possibly be more significant in software development. It is a safeguard against possible errors, ensuring that the end result aligns with client requirements and needs consistently. Software testing is a strategic way to deal with verifying and validating software applications, including a range of strategies from unit testing to comprehensive system testing. By recognizing and resolving issues in the development cycle, testing contributes to the reduction of errors, improving the general quality of software.

Software testing plays an important role in improving security by identifying vulnerabilities. It is a basic part of the quality assurance process, building trust in the software’s performance and minimizing the risk related to failures. Software Testing adds to the delivery of high quality, easy-to-use programming, meeting functional and non-functional requirements and ensuring a positive end-user experience. 

Testing Techniques and Methodologies

Here are some of the software testing techniques.

Testing Technique Description
Unit Testing Focuses on scrutinizing individual components or units of code to ensure their correctness. It forms the foundational layer of testing, identifying defects at the smallest code level.
Integration Testing Evaluates the interaction between different units or modules to guarantee seamless collaboration and identify potential issues arising from the combination of various components.
System Testing Examines the software as a whole to verify that it meets specified requirements and functions cohesively in a real-world environment. It ensures the integrated system's overall functionality.
Black-box Testing Examines software functionality without delving into internal code structures. It tests the software based on its specifications and outputs, treating it as a 'black box.'
White-box Testing Involves a comprehensive examination of the internal logic and structure of the code. It tests the internal workings, including control flow, data flow, and error handling within the code
Acceptance Testing Ensures that the software meets the specified requirements and is accepted by the end-users. It validates whether the software fulfills user expectations and business needs.
Regression Testing Ensures that new changes or modifications to the codebase do not adversely affect existing functionalities. It helps maintain software integrity throughout the development lifecycle.
Performance Testing Evaluates the software's responsiveness, stability, and scalability under various conditions. It includes load testing, stress testing, and scalability testing to assess system performance.
Usability Testing Focuses on the user interface and overall user experience to ensure that the software is intuitive, user-friendly and meets the expectations of its intended user base.
Security Testing Identifies vulnerabilities in the software that could be exploited by malicious actors. It encompasses testing for potential security breaches, ensuring the robustness of the system.
Exploratory Testing Involves simultaneous learning, test design, and execution. Testers explore the application to discover defects, providing flexibility in adapting to changing project requirements.
Alpha and Beta Testing Alpha testing is conducted by the development team, while beta testing involves real end-users. Both assess the software's readiness for release, addressing issues before wider distribution.
User Acceptance Testing (UAT) Performed by end-users to validate whether the software meets their requirements and expectations. It serves as the final validation before the software is released into production.

Google SRE Insights

There is value in learning from the Google SRE team, which builds a different view that could be applied to software testing and system reliability. Whereas Google SREs stress that testing has to be fully embedded into the development life cycle.

Google has automation as a base of its testing culture and focuses on producing stable systems through automated test frameworks. At Google, SREs put a lot of emphasis on understanding collaboration between the development and operation teams, as both teams are equally responsible for ensuring that the system operates reliably.

Google is concerned about the innovation component in any new product being released to consumers without errors, and their recommendation on error budgets ensures a strong commitment to reliability.

Gear Up for Your Next Interview 

Discussing the world of Software Testing Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) uncovers the multi-layer aspect of this discipline in software development. From essential testing strategies to testing tools and Google's SRE insights, software testing stands as an important process. The comprehension of software testing develops, encouraging developers who value accuracy, effectiveness, and constant development in delivering excellent programming solutions.

Software development is an expanding industry. Learning about software testing and other aspects of software development has become important for every aspiring software engineer. Interview Kickstart is one of the leading learning platforms for aspiring engineers to master the skills of software testing and other aspects of software development. Sign up for our free webinar today to prepare yourself for the tech giants.

Software Testing MCQs With Answers 

Q1. What is the primary goal of software testing?

A) Finding all bugs

B) Enhancing code performance

C) Reducing development time

D) Ensuring software quality

Answer: D) Ensuring software quality

Q2. Which testing technique is focused on assessing the internal logic of the system, including code paths and algorithms?

A) Black-box testing

B) Unit testing

C) White-box testing

D) Integration testing

Answer: C) White-box testing

Q3. What is the purpose of regression testing in software development?

A) Testing a new feature

B) Detecting memory leaks

C) Ensuring that existing functionalities still work after code changes

D) Validating user interface design

Answer: C) Ensuring that existing functionalities still work after code changes

Q4. What is the role of a test plan in software testing?

A) Executing test cases

B) Documenting the overall testing approach and strategy

C) Debugging code

D) Generating test data

Answer: B) Documenting the overall testing approach and strategy

Q5. Which testing level is primarily concerned with the interactions between different components or systems?

A) Unit testing

B) System testing

C) Integration testing

 D) Acceptance testing

Answer: C) Integration testing

Q6. What does the term "Test Case" refer to in software testing?

A) The code being tested

B) A set of input values and expected results

C) The software documentation

D) The testing environment

Answer: B) A set of input values and expected results

Q7. Which testing method involves executing test cases that mimic real-life scenarios and user interactions?

A) Stress testing

B) Exploratory testing

C) Usability testing

D) Smoke testing

 Answer: C) Usability testing

Q8. What is the purpose of smoke testing in software testing?

A) To verify the stability of the system after major changes

B) To ensure that critical functionalities work before comprehensive testing

C) To detect memory leaks in the software

D) To assess the system's performance under high load

Answer: B) To ensure that critical functionalities work before comprehensive testing

Q9. Which testing phase focuses on validating whether the software meets the specified requirements and is ready for release?

A) System testing

B) Acceptance testing

C) Regression testing

D) Unit testing

Answer: B) Acceptance testing

Q10. What is the purpose of boundary value analysis in testing?

A) To test the system's security features

B) To identify defects in the user interface

C) To evaluate the software's performance under stress

D) To test values at the edge of defined ranges to ensure robustness

Answer: D) To test values at the edge of defined ranges to ensure robustness

FAQs About Software Testing MCQs

Q1. Why is software testing essential in the software development lifecycle?

Programming testing is important for recognizing and rectifying errors in the development cycle, ensuring reliable software that meets client requirements.

Q2. How do testing tools like Selenium contribute to software testing efficiency?

Selenium, an open-source automation tool, enhances efficiency by enabling the creation of robust and scalable test scripts for web applications, facilitating rapid and repetitive testing.

Q3. What challenges are commonly encountered in software testing?

Challenges include coordinating comprehensive test coverage, adapting to dynamic development environments, managing resource constraints, and addressing compatibility issues with new technologies.

Posted on 
February 7, 2024
AUTHOR

Abhinav Rawat

Product Manager @ Interview Kickstart | Ex-upGrad | BITS Pilani. Working with hiring managers from top companies like Meta, Apple, Google, Amazon etc to build structured interview process BootCamps across domains

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