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Ethical AI in Data Science: Bias Mitigation and Fairness

Last updated on: 
December 27, 2023
|
by 
Abhinav Rawat
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About The Author!
Abhinav Rawat
Abhinav Rawat
Product Manager at Interview Kickstart. The skilled and experienced mastermind behind several successful product designs for upscaling the ed-tech platforms with an outcome-driven approach for skilled individuals.

Artificial intelligence is a powerful tool that automates important aspects of our lives. From smart devices to self-driving, AI has built an important space for itself in the technological world. 

However, AI ethics are an important aspect. Bias in AI algorithms can result in unfair practices and build societal inequalities. It is important to consider bias mitigation and fairness in AI. While every industry is making efforts to adopt ethics policies for AI, industrial manufacturers appear to be the quickest. A recent survey confirms that 89 percent of respondents from the manufacturing industry indicated that they already have implemented AI ethics policies within their organization. Learn about the importance of AI ethics in detail while exploring different examples. 

Here’s what we’ll cover in the article:

  • Understanding AI Ethics
  • Types of Bias in Machine Learning
  • Algorithmic Bias
  • Importance of Ethical AI
  • Examples of AI Ethics Bias
  • Future of Ethical AI
  • Transition to AI ML with Interview Kickstart Guidance

Understanding AI Ethics

AI systems have the potential to make important decisions like understanding the hiring process, medical diagnosis and credit scores. So, AI should be designed in a way that is ethical and fair as well. 

There are several ethical considerations to be considered while developing AI systems:

  • Transparency

AI systems should be transparent, and the internal workings should be known to both users and developers. When a decision is made, it should be clear why the decision was made. 

  • Accountability

AI systems should be accountable, and there should be a clear responsibility for the outcomes. 

  • Privacy

AI systems should maintain the privacy of their users. It should be designed in such a way that it does not collect the personal information of the user and the developer.  

  • Bias and Fairness

AI systems should be unbiased and fair. If AI makes a decision, it should be unbiased and fair and should not discriminate against gender, race or age. 

Types of Bias in Machine Learning

There are many types of bias in machine learning. These include : 

Sampling Bias

Sampling bias is a type of bias in which data that is used to train a machine learning module is different from the people it is referring to. If the data is about one group of people, it may be irrelevant to the other group. 

Measurement Bias

Measurement bias in machine learning models occurs when the data is incomplete or not accurate. For example, if the model is trained to predict sales data but does not have access to the sales of an organization, this results in a measurement bias. 

Confirmation Bias 

Confirmation bias occurs when data is trained to confirm existing beliefs. For example, if a model is designed to predict a group of people who believe in a particular religion, but the training model has been inaccurate in handling data of people who follow only Christianity, it creates a confirmation bias. 

Algorithmic Bias

Algorithmic bias occurs when the machine learning mode is itself biased. These types of biases can create serious problems.

Importance of Ethical AI

As artificial intelligence is widely prevalent in the modern technical world, all the ethics must be kept in mind while designing the machine learning model. If such considerations are not followed, serious problems can occur. 

Ethical AI is important, as biased or unfair systems can result in incorrect decision-making. This can affect several domains. Healthcare can be the most affected domain which can be affected due to unfair systems. Some instances can have negative outcomes in legal conditions, healthcare and other domains. 

Examples of AI Ethics Bias 

There are many examples of AI ethics bias. Here are a few examples : 

  • Face-Recognition: Face recognition systems are not accurate for people with darker skin tones and can lead to misinterpretation of data.
  • Criminal-Justice Bias: The COMPAS algorithm to check criminal records generates unfair practices towards certain groups of different races.
  • Hiring Bias: Hiring bias comes against certain demographics of people like females or minorities.
  • Credit Score Bias: Such systems can create bias against individuals with low-income categories.
  • Healthcare Bias: These systems are biased against a certain group of people with different skin tones or women especially.

Future of Ethical AI

Artificial Intelligence is the future of technological generation, and AI systems need to follow AI ethics to prevent discrimination. Some future trends include: 

  • Increased Transparency: The primary Key trend in ethical AI is transparency. Increased transparency between developers and end users can be a significant improvement in the field of AI ethics. 
  • Improved Regulations: As AI will be the future of the coming generations, it is enhanced to improve the rules and regulations for following ethical conduct while generating machine learning models. 
  • Greater Knowledge Sharing: Ethical AI is complex, and ensuring that the system is used ethically and fairly is very important. Greater knowledge sharing is a crucial aspect of future trends in ethical AI. 
  • Robust Data Collection: Ethical AI will need to focus on robust data collection from reliable sources to avoid misinterpretation of outcomes. 

Transition to AI ML with Interview Kickstart Guidance

AI ethics are an important part of Machine learning models. With the increased reliance of individuals on AI systems, such systems should be designed fairly and unbiased. These systems can promote an inclusive environment for the future where technology and artificial intelligence collaborate to benefit society as a whole. 

Aiming for a career in AI ML? Transition to AI/ Machine Learning Engineering roles at tier-1 companies. Learn from FAANG+ AI/Machine Learning Engineers and land your dream job with ethics at the core of your success. Register for our FREE webinar to learn more about the course program!

FAQs on AI Ethics 

Q1. How does AI ethics differ from ethical AI?

AI ethics is the process of addressing ethical considerations in Artificial intelligence like development, improvement, and impact of the systems. Ethical AI, on the other hand, specifies the development and implementation of AI processes. It ensures that the system is biased and fair in order to avoid unnecessary problems. 

Q2. Why is it important that Ethical AI systems should be unbiased? 

It is important for AI systems to follow AI ethics, as if these features are not inherited in machine learning systems, it could result in serious consequences. 

Q3. What steps should be taken to avoid bias in AI models

Regular audits and fair algorithms can be used to avoid bias in AI models. 

Q4. How can transparency be helpful in the future of AI ethics? 

Transparency in machine learning models can contribute to a better understanding between the developer and the end-user of the system. Errors can be avoided so that the prediction basis is trustworthy. 

Q5. Will Ethics in AI  be helpful in the future

Artificial Intelligence is the future of the coming generation. Following AI ethics in future trends can be a significant improvement to the technological sector.

Posted on 
October 7, 2023
AUTHOR

Abhinav Rawat

Product Manager @ Interview Kickstart | Ex-upGrad | BITS Pilani. Working with hiring managers from top companies like Meta, Apple, Google, Amazon etc to build structured interview process BootCamps across domains

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