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Data Science in Healthcare: Improving Patient Outcomes with Analytics

Last updated on: 
December 13, 2023
|
by 
Swaminathan Iyer
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About The Author!
Swaminathan Iyer
Swaminathan Iyer
Product Manager at Interview Kickstart. The intriguing mind brainstorming ideas day and night for the creation of projects from simple “Hello World” to building strategies and frameworks.

The healthcare sector generates a tonne of data on a daily basis, ranging from organizational and clinical study data to medical records. From electronic health records (EHRs), medical imaging equipment, wearable technology like watches and smartphones, and other digital tools–there are numerous sources that provide this data. This medical data must be further evaluated to be helpful beyond its initial application.

Data science in healthcare industry has evolved as a significant tool, revolutionizing the methods by which healthcare businesses operate while increasing patient satisfaction. It helps healthcare practitioners make data-driven decisions, provide personalized treatment, and optimize operational procedures. Explore the power of data science techniques in this article, which includes cutting-edge analytics, machine learning, and artificial intelligence.

Here’s what we’ll cover in this article:

  • What is data science in healthcare?
  • Applications of data science in healthcare
  • Medical imaging
  • Early detection of diseases
  • Better medicines
  • Genetic studies
  • Health monitoring with remote devices
  • Future of data science in healthcare
  • Prepare yourself for a new data science opportunity!
  • FAQs on data science in healthcare

According to a McKinsey report, technological innovation in the healthcare sector has the opportunity to provide $350 billion to 410 billion in value annually by 2025, allowing for more convenient, customized treatment delivery and improving patient engagement.

What is Data Science in Healthcare?

Data science has become an indispensable component and factor that has transformed the healthcare sector. Numerous facilities and procedures have evolved as a result of data science, technical instruments, and methodologies. It has facilitated treatment and diagnostics. As a result, the healthcare device's efficiency gets better. 

A great deal of details in the healthcare sector, which is not restricted to electronic health records, clinical trial results, genetic data, medical invoicing data, wearables data, healthcare management databases, academic publications, etc., has been made easier to handle because of data science. There are many distinct formats and confusing data in the healthcare industry. Data scientists focus on cleaning, preparing, and combining this data to generate a uniform dataset for analysis.

Applications of Data Science in Healthcare

There are various data science applications in healthcare, such as the following: 

Medical Imaging

Imaging techniques include radiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT). By making it feasible to swiftly and effectively extract complex data from a huge number of images, the use of data science in various imaging modalities has fundamentally transformed the healthcare industry. By gaining knowledge from past instances, deep learning algorithms improve the precision of diagnoses and eventually recommend more effective treatment options.

Medical imaging
Freepik

Early Detection of Diseases

Predictive analytics is one of the benefits of data science in healthcare that may help with early disease symptoms and increase diagnosis accuracy. Data scientists are able to create models that forecast the probability of specific diseases or disorders by examining vast amounts of patient data, such as test results, imaging studies, and medical records. These models give medical professionals the ability to start the right treatments early, engage when necessary, and maybe stop the spread of diseases.

Early disease detection
Freepik

Better Medicines

The use of automation in pharmacies is now achievable with improvements in data science. Scientists can better comprehend how specific chemical components can impact the human body by analyzing detailed healthcare data. Larger-scale experiments and simulations can be carried out with minimal chances of human error. By evaluating patient data to find genetic markers, biomarkers, and other unique traits that may affect the results of treatment, data science facilitates tailored medicine.

 Data science in pharmaceuticals and personalized medicine
Freepik

Genetic Studies

Advances in genetics and genomics studies allow for even more personalized treatment strategies. Understanding how DNA affects human health and identifying unique biological relationships between genetics, illness, and medication response are the main objectives. By integrating many types of data with genomic data in disease research, data science techniques enable a deeper knowledge of genetic problems in response to certain medications and diseases.

Data science in genetics
Freepik

Health Monitoring with Remote Devices

Patient-generated data has increased substantially with the introduction of wearable technology and remote health monitoring devices. Data science allows for the study of such data to be used to track patients' health in real-time, find anomalies, and deliver immediate help. By enabling medical professionals to remotely observe patients with long-term illnesses, identify early warning signs, and take proactive measures to take action, this strategy improves healthcare for patients. It lowers rates of hospitalization and enhances the overall quality of patients’ lives.

Data science in remote health monitoring devices
Freepik

Future of Data Science in Healthcare

In the field of healthcare, data provides doctors with insight into the medical problems of their patients. It continuously helps medical professionals in managing symptoms, illnesses, diagnoses, and treatments. The field of data science holds major prospects for the healthcare industry's future. Healthcare professionals can make better decisions about patient diagnosis and treatment with the helping hands of data scientists who analyze vast volumes of patient data, including genetic details, images, and clinical records.

Data science in healthcare in future
Freepik

The field of data science and artificial intelligence (AI) will likely see many more data science use cases in healthcare industry in the years to come. This will enable medical personnel to diagnose and treat patients substantially more precisely as machines are going to be able to extract details from patient data and predict clinical outcomes. 

Healthcare will come across privacy and ethical concerns as data science gains momentum in the field. It will be necessary to strike the correct balance between data consumption and patient confidentiality. Together, data scientists, healthcare professionals, and legislators must create strong data governance procedures, ethical frameworks, and strict security measures to guarantee the rightful and secure use of patient data.

Prepare Yourself for a New Data Science Opportunity!

The use of data science to enhance patient experiences and operational effectiveness is revolutionizing the healthcare sector. Healthcare facilities need to establish trust and ensure the proper handling of patient’s data. It is necessary to have a balance between the benefits of data science and the ethical and security concerns of the patients. With the growing amount of data, the chances of data science integration with healthcare are increasing day by day. Well, it might sound overwhelming to get into data science. But worry not; Interview Kickstart will help you easily land your desired job. Sign up for the data science program today and carve a space for yourself in tier-1 companies!

FAQs on Data Science in Healthcare

Q 1. Where do healthcare data scientists work?

A data scientist can collaborate with a public health expert to gather data regarding the general health of a region. They might create artificial intelligence or computer software expressly to use machine learning to assess the health hazards the community experiences.

Q 2. What is the salary of an entry-level healthcare data analyst in the USA?

The average entry-level healthcare data analyst in the USA is around $89,969 per year. 

Q 3. Why do hospitals need better data science?

Predictive analytics and data science are useful tools that healthcare providers can use to enhance hospital operations. Additionally, it can support maintaining privacy and enhancing data safety across medical facilities. Enhance patient care significantly by providing more secure, more effective therapies and cutting down on diagnosis waiting periods.

Q 4. What are the limitations of big data analytics in healthcare?

The lack of information required to support policy planning, decision-making, and action plans is one of the problems with big data analytics. The slow development and uptake of technological protocols could have an effect on patient care, findings, and medical treatment.

Q 5. Which industry pays data scientists the most?

Data scientists are in high demand in industries like technology, finance, and healthcare, which translates into higher wages for them. 

Posted on 
December 11, 2023
AUTHOR

Swaminathan Iyer

Product @ Interview Kickstart | Ex Media.net | Business Management - XLRI Jamshedpur. Loves building things and burning pizzas!

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