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Angular vs. React: Frontend Frameworks Face-Off

Last updated on: 
February 12, 2024
|
by 
Abhinav Rawat
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About The Author!
Abhinav Rawat
Abhinav Rawat
Product Manager at Interview Kickstart. The skilled and experienced mastermind behind several successful product designs for upscaling the ed-tech platforms with an outcome-driven approach for skilled individuals.

The choice of frontend technology is always a question that arises in the development of web applications. The decision often comes down to two heavyweight contenders: React and Angular. While each framework has its strengths and weaknesses, the choice is not easy for developers. In this blog post, we will discuss the features that React and Angular can easily do quickly compared with reading code.

Here’s what we’ll cover in this article:

  • Introduction to Angular and React
  • Key Differences: Angular Vs React
  • Latest Statistics
  • Additional Considerations
  • Latest Trends: React Vs Angular 
  • Interview Kickstart to Kick the Challenges of Frontend Development
  • FAQs About Angular vs React

Simform

Angular

It is a highly developed frontend web application framework written in the TypeScript programming language and maintained by Google. The framework's wide range of tools and features supports a modular approach to building dynamic single-page applications (SPAs). Angular has features such as dependency injection,  two-way data binding, and a powerful templating system, which provides a simple solution for web applications that are complicated to build.

React

React is an open-source JavaScript library based on Facebook's development work that is known for its component architecture. It concentrates on developing reusable UI components so that dynamic and maintainable interface development takes place through packages. However, the ability to take a declarative approach in React and use virtual DOM for efficient rendering has also made it popular.

React is a JavaScript library that focuses on creating user interfaces. As a versatile technology, React is easy to use with other technologies like Redux and MobX to handle the state of an application. Its advanced customizability allows developers to create highly individualized and complex user interfaces.

However, Angular is a full-featured JavaScript framework designed to develop web applications. It is highly opinionated, offering its conventions and recommendations for developers to consider. Angular provides powerful inbuilt directives and services to help developers build elaborate user interfaces.

Key Differences: Angular Vs React

1. Language:

Angular sets itself apart by utilizing TypeScript, a superset of JavaScript. TypeScript introduces static typing and additional features to enhance code quality and maintainability. In contrast, React primarily uses JavaScript, optionally incorporating JSX (JavaScript XML) for defining components.

2. Architecture:

Angular utilizes the MVC (Model-View-Controller) architecture, which implies a structured approach to organizing code. The opinionated approach, which makes decisions on project architecture, simplifies the task but will also come with a harder learning curve. React provides more freedom where developers can opt for their favorite state management methods and project structure.

3. Componentization:

React excels in component-based or modular design, promoting the development of reusable UI elements. Angular also has a component-based approach but introduces such concepts as directives and dependency injection, allowing it to formulate a more rigid development pattern.

4. Learning Curve:

Indeed, the learning curve of Angular might be more rigid for developers who are new to TypeScript and the conventions for using this framework. With its minimal API and JavaScript-only mindset, React is seen as more palatable because it gives an easy onramp for developers to get up to speed quickly and create contiguous applications.

5. Community and Ecosystem:

React boasts a large and active community, contributing to a vast ecosystem of libraries, tools, and resources. Angular, while having a robust community, may not be as extensive. The choice between Angular and React may hinge on the specific project requirements and the level of community support desired.

6. Ease of Development:

As for the ease of development, React can often be considered a clear-cut winner due to its high learnability and usability. React acts as an extremely lightweight library, targeting only the view layer. However, Angular is a full-fledged framework with many built-in directives and services. Although such richness provides strong functionality, it additionally creates a deeper learning curve for novices to Angular.

7. Time to Build the Application:

It takes much more time to create a web app with the help of React or Angular, depending on the project's complexity. React is usually easier to develop in front of development, primarily due to its compliance and simplicity. However, Angular can take longer because it is opinionated, imposing specific conventions and good practices.

Another factor that affects the development time is the range of complex languages and frameworks employed for React and Angular. React, as a lightweight library, is assumed to be less complicated. With the host of ready-to-use features, angular may be more complex to navigate and manage, especially for beginners.

8. Code Readability:

Code readability is an important part of the development process. React's codes get the most attention for being readable due to their simplicity, which only considers the view level. Despite the power of Angular, because it is opinionated and follows certain conventions and best practices, this can lead to more complex code.

Latest Statistics:

As of the latest Stack Overflow Developer Survey (2023), React maintains a higher percentage of developers using or interested in using it than Angular. However, Angular holds a significant share, particularly in enterprise-level applications.

Framework Popularity (%)
React 40.58
Angular 17.46

Source: Stack Overflow Developer Survey (2023)

Additional Considerations:

Tooling and CLI:

Angular offers a powerful CLI streamlining project creation, scaffolding, and dependency management. Since React belongs to the category of libraries rather than frameworks, it is supported by third-party tools such as Create React App that provide similar functions; thus, developers can select their workflow.

Performance:

React's virtual DOM and efficient rendering mechanisms contribute to its reputation for high performance. Recent updates in Angular have significantly improved its performance, reducing the gap and making it a strong contender in terms of front-end responsiveness.

State Management:

React allows developers to choose a state management solution with popular options like Redux or the Context API. Conversely, Angular provides built-in tools such as services and RxJS for handling complex state scenarios, simplifying the development of large-scale applications.

Integration with Other Technologies:

Angular is part of the MEAN stack (MongoDB, Express. js, Angular, and Node . js), allowing smooth integration for full-stack development. Being more agnostic, React can easily interact with varying backend technologies that provide developers flexibility according to the unique needs of a given project.

Maintenance and Longevity:

Angular follows a predictable release schedule with long-term support (LTS) versions, ensuring stability and backward compatibility. With its incremental updates and active community, React undergoes continuous improvement, albeit potentially requiring more frequent project adjustments.

Latest Trends: React Vs Angular 

The State of JavaScript survey (2022) highlights React's sustained dominance, with more developers actively using or considering React for their projects. Additionally, the survey indicates a growing interest in alternative frameworks like Vue.js, reflecting the dynamic nature of frontend development preferences.

Summary Table 

Criteria Angular React
Language TypeScript JavaScript (with optional JSX)
Architecture MVC Component-based
Learning Curve Steeper for beginners Gentler, especially for JS devs
Componentization Opinions on directives Strong focus on components
Community and Ecosystem Active, may not be as extensive Extensive and vibrant
Tooling and CLI Integrated CLI External tools (e.g., Create React App)
Performance Improved in recent versions High, thanks to virtual DOM
State Management Built-in tools Choose from various libraries
Integration MEAN stack integration Backend-agnostic
Maintenance and Longevity Predictable LTS releases Continuous updates, active community
Latest Trends Stable position Continuous dominance, growing interest in alternatives


Source: State of JavaScript Survey (2022)

Interview Kickstart to Kick the Challenges of Frontend Development

React and Angular provide various benefits and challenges in frontend development. With its slim nature and flexibility, React provides a user-friendly tool to help build different user interfaces. Angular is a full-featured opinionated framework; thus, it comes with conventions and best practices to ensure you follow structure.

The decision between React and Angular depends on your project's requirements and whether you like it. With its simplicity and versatility, React is a perfect solution for projects where the speed of development and customization matters. Unlike that, Angular is opinionated and provides a range of features, making it appropriate for projects with structured approaches. These variables should be carefully considered as developers must make decisions influenced by their projects' needs.

Get interview ready with Interview Kickstart and master angular and react for front end developers. Our course programs enhance your skills to remain well-informed and excellent in the field designed and taught by industry experts. Experience 1:1 expert classes, mock interviews, fundamentals, negotiation, and a number of skills. Interview Kickstart keeps you informed and prepared!

FAQs About Angular vs React


Q1: Which factors should I consider while selecting React and Angular?

Factors to consider when deciding between React and Angular include the type of project, developer skill set, and customization needs. Thus, React is preferred for its simplicity and flexibility; meanwhile, Angular is suitable for projects with custom requirements of a more structured approach.

Q2: Can React and Angular be used in the same project?

Though theoretically feasible, the usage of React and Angular together is relatively rare because it involves divergent ideologies and patterns. By merging them, complexity and challenges in managing the codebase may arise.

Q3: What is the comparison of React and Angular’s performance?

According to the virtual DOM and efficient rendering mechanisms, React is famous for its high performance. The most recent versions of Angular have made significant performance improvements, though having some extra overhead with two-way data binding and a more sophisticated change detection mechanism.

Q4: Which state management framework is better?

React does not dictate a particular form of state management, and thus, developers may opt for different libraries such as Redux or the Context API. Angular comes with tools for state management as services and RxJS that handles complex async operations.

Q5: Does the React and Angular developer ecosystem vary widely?

React has a huge and vibrant community that creates an immense ecosystem of libraries and tools. Though Angular also boasts a powerful community, React’s ecosystem may be considered more extensive, given the wider variety of tools and assets.

Q6: How many new updates are published for React and Angular?

React, on the other hand, tends to have a shorter release cycle with frequent updates. Angular adheres to a predictable release schedule of LTS versions that provide stability and backward compatibility.

Q7: What framework would be more appropriate for real-time applications?

Both React and Angular can be applied to develop real-time applications, but project specifics may influence the choice. In case of real-time updates, the virtual DOM that React has can help improve the user experience by making it smoother and more angular with its wide array of tools that may be used for complex situations.

Posted on 
February 6, 2024
AUTHOR

Abhinav Rawat

Product Manager @ Interview Kickstart | Ex-upGrad | BITS Pilani. Working with hiring managers from top companies like Meta, Apple, Google, Amazon etc to build structured interview process BootCamps across domains

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