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Python supports object-oriented programming and has a concise, readable, and easy-to-learn syntax. It is no wonder that it is one of the most popular programming languages. An integral part of Python are its built-in functions. You would have surely used some of these functions in your programs.
We've written a series of articles to help you learn and brush up on the most useful Python functions. In this article, we’ll learn about Python's upper() function and how to use it.
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In this article, we’ll cover:
Python’s upper() function converts all the lowercase characters in a string to uppercase characters and returns the modified string. One common application of the upper() function in Python is to check if the given two strings are the same or not. We’ll show you how to do this using an example later in the post.
Note: If you want to convert all characters in a string to lowercase, use the Python function lower(). And if you want to swap between lowercase and uppercase, use the swapcase() function in Python.
The upper() function in Python does not take any parameters. Python’s upper() function returns an all uppercase string made by converting all lowercase characters to uppercase from the given string. If there are no lowercase characters in the given string, the original string is returned as-is.
Here, we take a look at how you can use the Python function upper() next time you need it:
stringExample = "I will be converted to UpperCase @123"
print("Original string: " + stringExample)
uppercaseExample = stringExample.upper()
print("String converted to uppercase using upper(): " + uppercaseExample +"\n")
#To check if two strings are the same in meaning using upper()
stringExample1 = "I wiLl be converTed to UpperCASE @123"
stringExample2 = "I will be converted to UpperCase @345!"
print("Strings to be compared with the original string:")
print("String1: " + stringExample1)
print("String2: " + stringExample2)
if(stringExample.upper() == stringExample1.upper()):
print("String 1 is the same as the original string.")
print("String 1 is not the same as the original string.")
if(stringExample.upper() == stringExample2.upper()):
print("String 2 is the same as the original string.")
print("String 2 is not the same as the original string.")
Original string: I will be converted to UpperCase @123
String converted to uppercase using upper(): I WILL BE CONVERTED TO UPPERCASE @123
Strings to be compared with the original string:
String1: I wiLl be converTed to UpperCASE @123
String2: I will be converted to UpperCase @345!
String 1 is the same as the original string.
String 2 is not the same as the original string.
Found this article helpful? You can learn about more Python functions in our learn folder.
Q1. Does the upper() function in Python take any parameters?
No, the upper() function acts on a string and does not take any parameters.
Q2. What does the upper() function in Python return?
Python’s upper() function returns the original string converted to all uppercase.
Q3. How does the upper() function in Python work?
Python’s upper() function converts any lowercase characters into uppercase and does nothing to other characters in the original string.
Q4. What are upper() and lower() functions in Python?
Both upper() and lower() functions are built-in functions for string handling in Python. For a given string, upper() converts the string to all uppercase, while lower() converts the string to all lowercase.
Q5. How does Python determine uppercase?
Python determines uppercase with the help of the isupper() function in Python.
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