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Coding Interview Cheat Sheet for Software Engineers & Engineering Managers Interview Prep

Posted on 
March 31, 2021
|
by 
Ashmita Roy

As a software engineer, cracking a FAANG interview is the ultimate dream come true. Working at one of the world’s top tech companies is an incomparable experience, given the growth opportunity and working on exciting projects. Every year, many candidates apply for positions at FAANG to kickstart their careers as coding engineers or software developers. But only a handful of them make it to the next round. 

But here’s some good news -- we have created a programming interview cheat sheet for software engineers and managers that will help you nail the interview prep game and bag the job of your dreams. Let’s delve deeper into the coding interview cheat sheet to make these interviews an absolute cakewalk. 

This article will cover:

  • Resources/website to prepare for FAANG Coding Interview
  • How to Prepare for FAANG Coding Interviews 
  • Programming Languages you should master for FAANG coding interviews 
  • Final interview preparation tips for FAANG Coding Interviews 
  • What should you do once the coding interview is over
  • How to Negotiate a Job Offer
  • Final Words

Resources/Website To Prepare for FAANG Coding Interviews

When it comes to FAANG interview prep materials, there are a plethora of resources. These resources can help you nail the technical interview rounds without breaking a sweat. You can also sign up for a course like Interview Kickstart that offers one of the best boot camps to help you prepare for FAANG interviews. We have helped over 5,000 software engineers to uplevel and ace technical interviews. The team of experts at Interview Kickstart ensures that all important topics are covered in our curriculum so that your preparation strategy is flawless.

Moreover, our preparatory materials have been designed by experts who have also aced FAANG interviews. We take your interview prep to the next level by giving you access to a host of useful tips, tricks, resources, and assessment tools. If you are looking out for someone to guide you with cracking the coding interview cheat sheet and succeed in technical interviews, get in touch with Interview Kickstart. 

How to Prepare for FAANG Coding Interviews 

While the exact interview process varies for each FAANG company, here’s a generic overview of the process:

  • Phone screen interview: A phone interview is the first round of the interview process where recruiters screen candidates from the application pool. You can expect a mix of short programming and behavioral questions. Several candidates find the phone screen interview challenging as you cannot be sure what clicks with the interviewer. To make a solid impression, don’t forget to revisit fundamental programming languages and concepts as part of your interview prep strategy, as you may expect problems relating to those. Practice as many coding problems as you can in the language you are most comfortable with. 
  • Onsite interview: Onsite interviews for most FAANG companies typically last throughout the day. You can expect 3 to 4 rounds, each involving a set of coding problems you need to solve. The problems are more situational, aimed at assessing your ability to handle real-life issues you may face as a coding engineer working at FAANG. The core focus areas during this round are coding, algorithm, data structure, and system design.

The acceptance rates of most FAANG companies are meager. You need to demonstrate that you can develop optimal solutions for the problem posed to you and shouldn’t need too many attempts to arrive at the solution. That’s why you must write clean code and demonstrate your passion for coding. Ensure that you spend enough time mastering these skills before appearing for the technical rounds. 

Please note: Due to the ongoing pandemic, onsite interviews are now conducted virtually.

Programming Languages You Should Master for FAANG Coding Interviews

Mastering programming languages is a non-negotiable if you want to excel in FAANG coding interviews. Programming languages form the building blocks of everything that a software engineer is required to do.  

Here’s a list of all coding technologies that should form part of your programming interview cheat sheet before you step inside the interview room.

  • Algorithms: In simple terms, algorithms refer to a formula for solving a problem. The various types of algorithms you should be familiar with include:

Bubble sort, insertion sort, and merge sort: The three classic algorithms are bubble sort, insertion sort, and merge sort. Bubble sort is one of the simplest sorting algorithms. This formula considers an entire array and compares each neighboring number. The numbers are then swapped, and the pattern continues for the whole list. In other words, if adjacent elements are in the wrong order, this algorithm swaps the adjacent elements. The next sorting algorithm is the insertion sort, where the elements are compared with each other in a sequential manner and arranged in a particular order. It is similar to arranging a deck of cards. The final one is merge sort which is also known as a divide and conquer algorithm. It divides an unsorted list into a number of sublists, and each contains a single element. Then it merges these sublists in a repeated fashion to create a new sublist. 

String manipulation: Programming languages such as Python, C++, and Delphi use a mechanism for manipulating strings. This is referred to as string manipulation and involves handling, modifying, parsing, and analyzing strings and changing their data.

Searching algorithms: As the name suggests, this algorithm is used for searching elements from a dataset. Searching algorithms are part of various data structures for locating specific elements. There are various types of searching algorithms including binary search, jump search, linear search, and exponential search, etc. 

  • Design patterns: Object-oriented software developers use design patterns as solutions to the various problems they may encounter during software development. There are various design patterns one can choose from such as Singleton, Factory, Builder, Facade, and Proxy. 

Singleton is the simplest design pattern in Java and provides one of the best ways to create an object. It involves a single class that ensures only a single object is created.  Factory is a creational pattern in Java that allows the creation of an object without exposure of creation logic to the client. It also uses a common interface to refer to the created objects. Builder pattern allows the creation of complex objects using simple objects. It is also a creational pattern. 

Next is the facade pattern, a structural pattern that can add an interface to existing systems and hide their complexity. It also provides an interface for the users to access the system. Lastly, there is the proxy pattern. This is a structural pattern that creates an object and showcases the functionality to the outer world.

  • Data Structures: Data structures refer to a unique format used for organizing, processing, retrieving, and storing data. A good data structure is an integral part of a good algorithm. It also provides the right techniques to the coding engineers for efficiently handling the data available and developing the correct software modules. 

There are various types of data structures that should form part of your programming interview cheat sheet, and as a coding engineer, you should know them inside out. These include:

  1. Array
  2. Stack
  3. Queue
  4. Hash
  5. Tree
  6. Linked List

Final Interview Preparation Tips for FAANG Coding Interviews

Technical interviews can be a tough nut to crack, especially when you are considering a FAANG company. Remember that software programming is a highly competitive field, and if you want to stand out from the rest of the candidates, you need to keep a few things in mind. 

No coding interview cheat sheet is complete without tips on preparing for the interviews and what to do (and not do) during the interview process. So here are our top tips to help you:  

Do’s and Don’ts Prior to the Interview

  • Keep earphones, paper, and pens handy
  • Find a corner where you won’t be distracted
  • Check your internet connection
  • Make sure the webcam is working fine
  • Decide which programming language you wish to focus on
  • Set up coding shortcuts on your laptop
  • Keep answers for the frequently asked behavioral questions ready
  • Don’t lose your cool
  • Wear comfortable clothing but follow a formal dress code
  • Jot down a few questions you would like to ask at the end of the interview

Do’s and Don’ts During the Introduction:

  • Keep the introduction brief. Don’t mention irrelevant facts
  • Highlight information that makes a strong case for why you are applying for the role of a coding engineer at a FAANG company
  • Show your enthusiasm even if you are speaking to the recruiters virtually
  • Don’t sound too rehearsed. Follow the natural flow of conversation

Do’s and Don’ts When You Receive a Coding Question:

  • Ask for clarification if you are not clear about a question
  • Double-check the input format and range that the interviewer wants you to follow
  • Think about the problem carefully before you start explaining your approach
  • Stick to a high-level approach while answering
  • Don’t ignore any piece of information provided to you
  • Don’t start coding right away. Take your time to comprehend the question fully
  • Don’t appear under-confident or unsure about the approach you will take

Do’s and Don’ts During the Coding Interview:

  • Always explain to the interviewer what you are trying to arrive at.
  • Practice the correct coding styles so that you can use variable names, operator spacing, proper indentation
  • Always type at a reasonable speed
  • Check if you can use trivial functions to save time
  • Utilize the hints given by the interviewer
  • Showcase your technical knowledge to the interviewer
  • If you are skipping any steps since it is an interview, make sure to clearly explain to the interviewer that in non-interview settings, what you would have done
  • Devote time to practice whiteboard space management skills
  • Don’t remain quiet during the coding round
  • Don’t use very long or single character names
  • Don’t copy-paste blindly
  • Never interrupt the interviewer as they may be dropping valuable hints
  • Don’t take up too much space on the whiteboard

Do’s and Don’ts Once You Have Completed Coding:

  • Double-check the code to spot if there are any errors
  • Try to include extreme test cases and use your code for testing
  • Mention the time and space complexity of the code
  • Spend time going over how your coding approach would be different if you had more time
  • Never abruptly announce that you have finished writing the code
  • Don’t argue or raise your voice

Do’s and Don’ts To End the Coding Interview:

Ask engaging questions to the interviewer to show that you are genuinely interested in the position. Impressing a FAANG recruiter is no cakewalk. Bring the technical interview to an end by following these tips:

  • Don’t keep quiet. Ask meaningful questions to show that you have done your homework
  • Thank the interviewer for taking the time out for you
  • Gauge the mood of the room and ask about your performance during the interview

What Should You Do Once the Coding Interview Is Over

It’s a good practice to send your interviewer a thank you email once the coding interview is over. Don’t forget to make a mental note of the questions you were asked during the interview. You can keep a record of all such questions to make a more comprehensive programming interview cheat sheet. You can even prepare programming language-specific cheat sheets to prepare for other interviews. For example, all the questions related to Python can be filed under the python cheat sheet for an interview.

How To Negotiate a Job Offer

Negotiating a job offer from a FAANG company can seem daunting. After all, you have just managed to snag a cushy position. You may be wondering if negotiating salary will put you at a disadvantage. But as a software engineer, you deserve the best, and you shouldn’t settle for anything else. Here are our hot tips for negotiating a job offer: 

  • Do your homework to find out the salary range for the position. This will give you a fair idea about the room for negotiation. 
  • It is best to let the company make the first move and tell you the offer. In case they ask you to give them what you expect, always quote the higher end of the expected salary range. 
  • Once you receive the offer, it is time to come back with a counter. But don’t quote a number out of thin air. Ask around, take the advice of software engineers or software developers working in FAANG, speak to other managers, and then give them a number. 
  • Ask about the benefits that come along with the compensation. Even if the company is not ready to negotiate on the compensation, try to see if you can get more benefits like health insurance cover for your family members or travel allowance, etc. 
  • If you are not happy with the offer, don’t be afraid to walk away. It is better to try elsewhere than forcing yourself to work for a lesser salary package. 

Final Words

Perseverance and thorough preparation are crucial to cracking technical interviews at FAANG company.  While the process is grueling, with the correct coding interview cheat sheet, your efforts will pay off. 

We hope this article helps you during the interview prep and land the job of your dreams!

Ashmita Roy
Senior Content Specialist at Interview Kickstart
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